Independent Evaluations

Reducing poverty through sustained economic growth is the critical goal of the Millennium Challenge Corporation’s continuum of results framework. Independent evaluations are MCC’s chosen means of measuring that impact, and are integral to MCC’s commitment to accountability, learning, transparency, and evidence-based decision making. Independent evaluations, which are conducted by third-party independent experts, help answer three fundamental questions:

  • Was MCC’s investment implemented according to plan? This is key to transparency.
  • What are the changes in income for program beneficiaries that are attributable to MCC’s investment? This is key to accountability.
  • Why did or didn’t the planned investments lead to changes in income? This is key to learning
The Catalog contains the official published reports of all completed independent evaluations, along with publicly accessible metadata and microdata gathered to support these evaluations.

An article in the Journal of Development Effectiveness.

Impact and Performance

Impact Evaluations

Impact evaluations are designed to measure outcome changes that were specifically caused by an MCC investment. This approach requires distinguishing changes in outcomes that resulted from external factors, such as increased market prices for agricultural goods, national policy changes or favorable weather conditions. These are the types of changes that would have occurred without MCC’s investment. Impact evaluations compare what happened with the MCC investment to what would have happened without it through the explicit definition and measurement of a counterfactual.

Performance Evaluations

Performance evaluations are an alternative tool for estimating the contribution of MCC investments to changes in outcome trends, including farm and household income, when formal measurement of a counterfactual is not feasible. Performance evaluations cannot attribute outcome changes to specific causes. However, they often provide crucial insights into strengths or weaknesses in program implementation through critical empirical and analytic assessment of the measureable components of the . They can often identify clear opportunities to improve program implementation and investment decisions, even when they cannot explicitly estimate how an investment might have contributed to changes in beneficiary incomes.

How We Choose

There are several critical factors that MCC considers when deciding to invest in an impact or a performance evaluation:

  • Learning potential:A strong case for an impact evaluation exists for programs where the assumptions underlying the project logic are based on limited evidence. A rigorous impact evaluation tests assumptions about a project’s effectiveness and contributes substantially to MCC’s future decision-making and the global evidence base.
  • Feasibility:The feasibility of designing and implementing a strong impact evaluation is based on how well the evaluators can estimate a counterfactual, and how feasible it is to maintain that counterfactual through the duration of the evaluation period.
  • Strong stakeholder commitment:Identifying a control group and ensuring adherence to an impact evaluation design may require significant commitment and collaboration by sector staff, program implementers and evaluators, both within MCC and in partner countries.
  • Appropriate timing:The evaluation timeline must be informed by the project logic, particularly regarding assumptions about how long it will take for expected impacts to occur. By collecting data at the wrong time, evaluations may misrepresent the impacts on outcomes of interest or miss important lessons.
  • Proper coordination:Evaluations require close coordination between the evaluator and the program implementer. Program designers, implementers and evaluators must work together to understand and define the program logic, estimate how long expected impacts are likely to take to accrue, and identify what is most important to learn about how the program works. This is particularly true for impact evaluations, which require coordination and commitment among various stakeholders to estimate a counterfactual.

Impact evaluation can be informative in measuring trends in outcome changes, but so can rigorous performance evaluations in cases where measuring a counterfactual is not feasible.

Read the fact sheet

The Counterfactual

An impact evaluation is distinguished by its ability to estimate the counterfactual, what would have happened to the same group of program participants had they not received MCC’s assistance. A reliable method for distinguishing the counterfactual in order to measure attributable program impacts is through randomized control trials.  With adequate sample sizes, this approach can be extremely rigorous. In many programs, there are financial or logistical constraints to providing all eligible individuals or groups with an intervention. Random selection (such as through a lottery) is often a fair and transparent way to select which eligible individuals or groups should receive the intervention first.

Because randomized control trials select individuals that will and will not be exposed to program benefits, evaluators can compare the groups to measure their impacts. This use of a statistically comparable control group can create the greatest opportunity for learning what works and for measuring program impacts. MCC may also employ other methods of constructing credible comparison groups in cases where randomized control trials are not feasible.

List of Evaluations

This table lists planned and completed independent evaluations.

List of Independent Evaluations
Evaluation Name Sector Type Status Date Released
Albania Threshold

Albania Threshold Program

Albania Threshold Program, Stage II

Institutional Development

Performance Completed January 7, 2013
Armenia Compact Water to Market Farmer Training

Armenia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 10, 2012
Armenia Irrigated Agriculture Infrastructure Project

Armenia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 12, 2016
Armenia Rural Road Rehabilitation Project

Armenia Compact

Transportation

Impact Completed January 4, 2015
Armenia Water to Market Credit Component

Armenia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 6, 2013
Armenia Water to Market Institutional Strengthening

Armenia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 6, 2013
Armenia Water to Market Post-Harvest Processing

Armenia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 6, 2013
Benin Access to Financial Services Project

Benin Compact

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Performance Completed January 1, 2016
Benin Access to Justice Project

Benin Compact

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Benin Access to Land Project (Interim)

Benin Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Completed January 11, 2015
Benin Access to Markets - Ports Activity

Benin Compact

Transportation

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Benin II Electricity Generation and Distribution Projects

Energy

Planned August 23, 2017
Benin II Off-Grid Electricity Access Project

Energy

Planned August 23, 2017
Benin II Policy Reform and Institutional Strengthening Project

Energy

Planned August 23, 2017
Burkina Faso Access to Rural Finance Activity

Burkina Faso Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 1, 2016
Burkina Faso Bright 2 School Project

Burkina Faso Compact

Education

Impact Completed January 8, 2016
Burkina Faso Bright 2 School Project (Interim)

Burkina Faso Compact

Education

Impact Completed January 3, 2016
Burkina Faso BRIGHT I Threshold Project

Burkina Faso Threshold Program

Education

Impact Completed January 6, 2009
Burkina Faso Land Tenure Project (Interim)

Burkina Faso Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Completed January 4, 2016
Burkina Faso Roads Project

Burkina Faso Compact

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Burkina Faso Rural Finance

Burkina Faso Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Burkina Faso Technical Assistance to Farmers and Animal Health (Interim)

Burkina Faso Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Ongoing August 23, 2017
Cabo Verde II Land Management for Investment Project

Land Tenure

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Cabo Verde II Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Project

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Cabo Verde Infrastructure - Roads and Bridges Activity

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Cabo Verde Port Activity

Cabo Verde Compact

Transportation

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Cabo Verde Private Sector Development Project

Cabo Verde Compact

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Cape Verde Watershed Management & Agricultural Support Project

Cabo Verde Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
El Salvador Chalatenango Technical Institute (ITCHA)

El Salvador Compact

Education

Performance Completed January 7, 2016
El Salvador Chalatenango Technical Institute (ITCHA) (Interim)

El Salvador Compact

Education

Performance Completed January 5, 2014
El Salvador Connectivity Project

El Salvador Compact

Transportation

Impact Completed January 5, 2017
El Salvador Handicrafts Value Chain

El Salvador Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 6, 2015
El Salvador II Human Capital Project - Full Time Inclusive Model Sub-Activity

Education

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
El Salvador II Human Capital Project - Improving the Quality of General Education

Education

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
El Salvador II Human Capital Project - TVET System Reform

Education

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
El Salvador II Investment Climate Project

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
El Salvador II Logistical Infrastructure Project

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
El Salvador Investment Support Activity

El Salvador Compact

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Performance Completed January 2, 2016
El Salvador Investment Support Activity (Interim)

El Salvador Compact

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Performance Completed August 23, 2017
El Salvador Non-Formal Training

El Salvador Compact

Education

Performance Completed January 10, 2015
El Salvador Non-Formal Training (Interim)

El Salvador Compact

Education

Performance Completed January 6, 2014
El Salvador Production and Business Services

El Salvador Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 6, 2014
El Salvador Production and Business Services (Interim)

El Salvador Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 10, 2012
El Salvador Rural Electrification

El Salvador Compact

Energy

Impact Ongoing August 23, 2017
El Salvador Rural Electrification - Solar Panels

El Salvador Compact

Energy

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
El Salvador Scholarships

El Salvador Compact

Education

Impact Completed January 7, 2016
El Salvador Scholarships (Interim)

El Salvador Compact

Education

Impact Completed January 6, 2014
El Salvador Technical Middle Schools

El Salvador Compact

Education

Impact Completed January 7, 2016
El Salvador Technical Middle Schools (Interim)

El Salvador Compact

Education

Impact Completed January 6, 2014
El Salvador Water and Sanitation

El Salvador Compact

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Impact Completed January 4, 2017
Georgia Agribusiness Development Activity (ADA)

Georgia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 11, 2015
Georgia Energy Rehabilitation

Georgia Compact

Energy

Performance Completed January 5, 2015
Georgia Enterprise Development Project - Regional Development Fund

Georgia Compact

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Georgia II Improving General Education Quality - Training Educators for Excellence

Education

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Georgia II Industry-Led Skills and Workforce Development Project

Education

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Georgia II School Rehabilitation

Georgia Compact II

Education

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Georgia II Tertiary Education Project

Education

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Georgia Samtskhe-Javakheti Road Rehabilitation Activity

Georgia Compact

Transportation

Impact Completed January 11, 2015
Ghana Commercial Training Activity

Ghana Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 10, 2012
Ghana Feeder Roads Activity

Ghana Compact

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Ghana II Access Project

Energy

Planned August 23, 2017
Ghana II ECG and NEDCO Financial and Operational Turnaround Projects

Energy

Planned August 23, 2017
Ghana II Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management Project

Energy

Planned August 23, 2017
Ghana II Regulatory Strengthening and Capacity Building Project

Energy

Planned August 23, 2017
Ghana Irrigation Activity (Interim)

Ghana Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Ghana Land Activity

Ghana Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Ghana Post-Harvest Activity (Interim)

Ghana Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Ghana Rural Development Project - Community Services Education Sub-Activity

Ghana Compact

Education

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Ghana Rural Development Project - Financial Services Activity

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Impact Ongoing August 23, 2017
Ghana Rural Development Project - Procurement Capacity Activity

Institutional Development

Planned August 23, 2017
Ghana Transportation Project - Ferry Activity

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Ghana Water and Sanitation

Ghana Compact

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Guatemala Threshold Education Project

Education

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Guatemala Threshold PPP Activity

Other

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Guatemala Threshold Tax Activity

Other

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Honduras Agricultural Public Goods Grant Facility

Honduras Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 7, 2014
Honduras Farmer Training and Development Activity

Honduras Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 10, 2012
Honduras Threshold

Institutional Development

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Honduras Transportation Project

Honduras Compact

Transportation

Impact Completed January 5, 2014
Honduras Transportation Project (HDM-4)

Honduras Compact

Transportation

Performance Completed January 5, 2014
Indonesia Community Nutrition Project

Indonesia Compact

Health

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Indonesia Green Prosperity Project

Energy

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Indonesia Green Prosperity Project - Participatory Land Use Planning

Land Tenure

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Indonesia Procurement Modernization Project

Indonesia Compact

Institutional Development

Impact Ongoing August 23, 2017
Indonesia Threshold - Governance and Anti-Corruption

Indonesia Threshold Program

Institutional Development

Performance Completed January 11, 2013
Jordan Water Compact

Jordan Compact

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Impact Ongoing August 23, 2017
Jordan Water Smart Homes Activity

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Lesotho Health Sector Project

Lesotho Compact

Health

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Lesotho Land Administration Reform Activity

Lesotho Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Lesotho Metolong Dam Bulk Water Conveyance System, Urban and Peri-Urban Water Activities

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Lesotho Private Sector Development - Gender Equality in Economic Rights Activity

Other

Planned August 23, 2017
Lesotho Private Sector Development Project - Modernization & Institutional Strengthening

Land Tenure

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Lesotho Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Activity

Lesotho Compact

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Liberia Energy Sector Project

Energy

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Liberia Roads Project

Transportation

Planned August 23, 2017
Malawi Environment and Natural Resources Management Project

Malawi Compact

Other

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Malawi Infrastructure Development Project

Malawi Compact

Energy

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Malawi Power Sector Reform Project (Interim)

Malawi Compact

Energy

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Malawi Threshold - Governance and Anti-Corruption

Malawi Threshold Program

Institutional Development

Performance Completed January 1, 2010
Mali Alatona Irrigation Project

Mali Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Mali Alatona Irrigation Project (Interim)

Mali Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 9, 2015
Mali Bamako-Senou Airport Improvement Project

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Moldova Grow HVA Sales Activity

Moldova Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Moldova Roads Rehabilitation Project

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Mongolia Energy and Environmental Project

Mongolia Compact

Energy

Impact Completed January 12, 2014
Mongolia Health Project

Mongolia Compact

Health

Performance Completed January 7, 2014
Mongolia Peri-Urban Land Leasing Activity Phase I (Interim)

Mongolia Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Completed January 4, 2016
Mongolia Peri-Urban Land Leasing Activity Phase II (Interim)

Mongolia Compact

Land Tenure

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Mongolia Privatization of Ger Area Land Plots and Land Registration Activities

Mongolia Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Mongolia Property Rights - Land Registration System Activity

Land Tenure

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Mongolia Roads Project

Transportation

Planned August 23, 2017
Mongolia Vocational Education Project

Mongolia Compact

Education

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Morocco Artisan and Fez Medina Project

Morocco Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 7, 2015
Morocco Enterprise Support Project

Morocco Compact

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Impact Completed January 7, 2015
Morocco Fez Medina Project - Vocational Training Sub-Activity

Education

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Morocco Financial Services Project

Morocco Compact

Finance, Investment, and Trade

Performance Completed January 7, 2015
Morocco Functional Literacy

Morocco Compact

Education

Performance Completed January 7, 2015
Morocco II Education and Training for Employability - Secondary Education Activity

Education

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Morocco Rain-Fed Olive, Almond & Fig Tree Expansion

Morocco Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 12, 2015
Morocco Rain-Fed Olive, Almond & Fig Tree Rehabilitation

Morocco Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Morocco Rain-Fed Olive, Almond & Fig Tree Rehabilitation (Interim)

Morocco Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 12, 2015
Morocco Small-Scale Fisheries Project

Morocco Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 12, 2015
Morocco Tree Irrigation and Intensification Activities

Morocco Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 12, 2015
Mozambique Community Land Use Activity

Mozambique Compact

Land Tenure

Performance Completed January 7, 2014
Mozambique Farmer Income Support Project

Mozambique Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 4, 2016
Mozambique Land Administration Capacity Building Activity

Mozambique Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Mozambique Rehabilitation/Construction of Roads Project - Road Rehabilitation

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Mozambique Rural Water Supply Project

Mozambique Compact

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Impact Completed January 8, 2014
Mozambique Secure Land Access Activity - Rural

Mozambique Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Mozambique Secure Land Access Activity - Urban

Mozambique Compact

Land Tenure

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Mozambique Water Supply and Sanitation Project - Technical Assistance and Capacity Building

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Namibia Communal Land Support

Namibia Compact

Land Tenure

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Namibia Community-Based Rangeland & Livestock Management

Namibia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Namibia Construction of SVOs and Upgrading Quarantine Camps, Livestock Traceability

Namibia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Namibia Improving Access to and Management of Textbooks Activity

Education

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Namibia Indigenous Natural Products and Ecotourism Development Activities

Namibia Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Namibia Regional Study and Resource Centers Activity (Interim)

Namibia Compact

Education

Performance Completed January 6, 2016
Namibia Tourism - Improving Management and Infrastructure in Etosha National Park

Other

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Namibia Vocational and Skills Training - COSDEC Sub-Activity

Education

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Namibia Vocational and Skills Training - NTF Sub-Activity

Education

Performance Ongoing August 23, 2017
Namibia Vocational and Skills Training Activity (Interim)

Namibia Compact

Education

Performance Completed January 9, 2016
Namibia Vocational and Training - VTGF Sub-Activity

Education

Impact Ongoing August 23, 2017
Nicaragua Farming and Forestry Activity

Nicaragua Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 10, 2014
Nicaragua ProNicaragua Sub-Activity

Nicaragua Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 10, 2014
Nicaragua Property Regularization Project

Nicaragua Compact

Land Tenure

Performance Completed January 10, 2014
Nicaragua Rice and Plantain Sub-Activity

Nicaragua Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Completed January 5, 2015
Nicaragua Rural Business Development Services Activity

Nicaragua Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Completed January 10, 2012
Nicaragua Secondary Roads

Nicaragua Compact

Transportation

Impact Completed January 12, 2014
Nicaragua Villanueva to Guasaule Road Activity

Nicaragua Compact

Transportation

Performance Completed January 12, 2014
Niger Climate-Resilient Agriculture (CRA) Activity

Other

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Niger Climate-Resilient Communities - Regional Sahel Pastoralism Support (PRAPS)

Other

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Niger IMAGINE Threshold Program I

Niger Threshold Program

Education

Impact Ongoing January 6, 2016
Niger Irrigation and Market Access - Irrigation Perimeter Development Activity

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Niger Irrigation and Market Access - Management Services and Market Facilitation Activity

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Niger Irrigation and Market Access - Policy Reform Activity

Agriculture and Irrigation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Niger Irrigation and Market Access Project - Roads for Market Access Activity

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Niger NECS Threshold Program II

Niger Threshold Program

Education

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
PEPFAR Data Collaboratives for Local Impact (Tanzania) Planned August 23, 2017
Philippines Community Development Grants Project (Interim)

Philippines Compact

Other

Impact Completed January 9, 2015
Philippines Revenue Administration Reform Project

Philippines Compact

Institutional Development

Performance Completed January 3, 2017
Philippines Roads Project

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Rwanda Threshold - Strengthening Civic Participation

Rwanda Threshold Program

Institutional Development

Impact Completed January 12, 2014
Sao Tome & Principe Threshold Program

São Tomé and Prí­ncipe Threshold Program

Institutional Development

Performance Completed January 4, 2014
Senegal Irrigation Project

Senegal Compact

Agriculture and Irrigation

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Senegal Roads Project

Senegal Compact

Transportation

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Sierra Leone Threshold Electricity Sector Reform Project and Regulatory Strengthening

Energy

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Sierra Leone Threshold Water Sector Reform Project

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Sierra Leone Water Sector Reform Project - DMA and Standpipe Demonstration Activity

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Tanzania Electricity Distribution Systems Rehabilitation & Extension Activity (Interim)

Tanzania Compact

Energy

Impact Completed January 10, 2015
Tanzania Kigoma Solar Power Activity

Tanzania Compact

Energy

Performance Completed January 3, 2017
Tanzania Mafia Island Airport Activity

Tanzania Compact

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Tanzania Mainland Trunk Roads Activity

Tanzania Compact

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Tanzania Threshold

Tanzania Threshold Program

Institutional Development

Performance Completed January 2, 2010
Tanzania Transport Project

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Tanzania Water Sector Project (Interim)

Tanzania Compact

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Tanzania Zanzibar Interconnector Activity

Tanzania Compact

Energy

Performance Completed January 10, 2015
Tanzania Zanzibar Rural Roads Activity

Tanzania Compact

Transportation

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Timor-Leste Threshold Program

Timor-Leste Threshold Program

Institutional Development

Performance Completed January 1, 2016
Vanuatu Transport Infrastructure Project

Vanuatu Compact

Transportation

Performance Completed January 9, 2014
Zambia Lusaka Water Supply, Sanitation, and Drainage Project - Infrastructure Activity

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Impact Planned August 23, 2017
Zambia Lusaka Water Supply, Sanitation, and Drainage Project - Innovation Grant

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Performance Planned August 23, 2017
Zambia Threshold Program

Zambia Threshold Program

Institutional Development

Performance Completed January 12, 2010