Closed Compact Report: Burkina Faso Compact | October 2015

Agriculture Development Project

  • $141,910,059Original Compact Project Amount
  • $140,420,941Total Disbursed

Estimated Benefits

Estimated Benefits for the Agriculture Development Project
Time Estimated Economic Rate of Return (ERR) over 20 years Estimated beneficiaries over 20 years Estimated net benefits over 20 years
At the time of signing 5.8 percent 65,920 $-24,700,000

Estimated benefits corresponds to $97.4 million of project funds, where cost-benefit analysis was conducted.

Project Description

The Agricultural Development Project was designed to expand the productive use of land in order to: increase the volume and value of agricultural production in project zones; increase rural incomes and employment; and enhance the competitiveness of the rural economies in the Sourou Valley and the Comoé Basin by addressing core agricultural constraints typical of rural Burkina Faso.

According to the World Food Programme, approximately 13 million of Burkina Faso’s 16.5 million people are food insecure, with limited or uncertain availability of an adequate and safe supply of food. Nearly one-third of the nation’s children are stunted, the condition of being seriously below normal height, due to a lack of proper nutrition. Irrigated cropland accounts for only 0.5 percent of the country’s total land area, and rain-fed agriculture often does not cover a family’s nutritional or income needs. Constraints to agriculture include poor availability and management of water resources, underperforming agricultural practices, and insufficient access to information, markets and credit.

The project constructed 2,240 hectares of irrigated farmland in the Dî perimeter and rehabilitated the Léry dam infrastructure, protecting investments in the Sourou Valley from catastrophic flooding. The project trained 7,830 farming households in improved production and farm management techniques, established 16 water user associations and trained 207 association executive officers. The project provided $2.8 million in medium-term loans to 96 small and medium-sized enterprises via the Access to Rural Finance Activity by the end of the compact.

Evaluation Findings

MCC is conducting an evaluation of the interventions in the Agriculture Development Project. This evaluation will look in detail at each of the different components in the two activities, using a variety of data collection methods.  It will also seek to measure if the Agriculture Development Project program logic was sound and realistic, and whether implementation followed the intended project design.

An impact evaluation of the lottery and performance evaluation of support to project-affected persons will assess if the amount of land under production or the intensity of production in the irrigated perimeter increased for participating farmers with respect to non-participating farmers; if the project affected the amount or components of household income; and if perceptions of land tenure security have changed.

An impact evaluation of farming training will also seek to determine if agricultural production or household income has increased or changed as a result of project intervention. A performance evaluation of the water management components will measure whether the project intervention has had an impact on water conflicts, irrigation systems, or operations and maintenance responsibilities. MCC is also conducting a performance evaluation of the rehabilitation of district markets and market information systems sub-activities to measure how transaction and marketing costs for farmers have changed as a result of the market information systems and new or rehabilitated markets. Results of this large evaluation are expected in 2018.

Finally, a performance evaluation of the Access to Rural Finance Activity will assess whether beneficiaries were able to access credit made available by the activity, whether newly available credit was used to make investments in agricultural production and which characteristics of borrowers and other factors strongly influenced decisions to use credit. It is expected to be available in October 2015.

Key performance indicators and outputs at compact end date

Key performance indicators and outputs at compact end date
Activity/Outcome Key Performance Indicator Baseline End of Compact Target Quarter 1 through Quarter 20 Actuals (as of Sep 2014) Percent Compact Target Satisfied (as of Sep 2014)
Diversified Agriculture Activity Farmers trained 0 9,800 12,307 126%
Farmers who have applied improved practices as a result of training 0 6,860 8,237 120%
Hectares under improved practices as a result of training 0 3,440 3,369 98%
Water Management and Irrigation Activity Basin Water Resources Development and Management Master Plan (SDAGE) developed and validated 0 2 2 100%
Hectares new irrigated perimeter development in Di 0 2,240 2,240 100%
Local Water Committees established and operational in the Comoé 2 12 12 100%
Number of responsible members of Water User Associations (WUAs) trained in the Sourou 0 160 207 129%