Benin Power Compact

Benin produces only a portion of the electricity it consumes and relies heavily on imports from neighboring countries. Only one-third of Benin’s population has access to electricity, and total consumption is low due to limited access and availability. At the same time, rapidly growing demand for power has stressed Benin’s national electrical grid, creating power outages that hurt businesses and social service provision.

MCC is partnering with Benin through a $375 million compact, designed to modernize the West African country’s power sector. The compact, which is supplemented by a $28 million contribution from the Government of Benin, aims to strengthen the national utility, attract private sector investment, and fund infrastructure investments in electric generation and distribution as well as off-grid electrification for poor and unserved households.

by MCC’s Chris Broughton, Benin Resident Country Director
This originally appeared on MCC’s Medium page.


Compact Budget


  • Entry Into Force:
    June 22, 2017
  • Signed:
    September 9, 2015

Compact Projects

Electricity Distribution Project

  • $107,832,000Project Total Amount
  • $0Project Amount Committed
  • $0Project Amount Expended

To accomplish the project objectives, MCC Funding will be used to modernize Benin’s electricity distribution infrastructure to expand grid capacity to accommodate future growth, improve reliability and reduce losses and outages. The project focuses on improving the grid serving Cotonou (and selected regional networks as a complement to proposed solar generation investments), as well as on a national level by building a modern distribution dispatch and control center to more effectively manage the network.

Electricity Generation Project

  • $132,097,000Project Total Amount
  • $568,349Project Amount Committed
  • $17,805Project Amount Expended

To accomplish the project objectives, MCC Funding will be used to increase Benin’s domestic generation capacity by up to 46 MW while decreasing its dependence on external imported energy sources, including:

  • Photovoltaic generation capacity—MCC’s largest solar generation investment to date at 45 megawatts (MW); and

Micro-hydroelectric power—rehabilitation of 1 MW run-of-river unit.

Off-Grid Electricity Access Project

  • $46,796,000Project Total Amount
  • $1,836,038Project Amount Committed
  • $250,970Project Amount Expended

To accomplish the project objectives, MCC funding will provide financing for:

  • Policy and institutional strengthening to support the entire off-grid electricity sector in Benin; and
  • Off-grid electrification through a competitive grant facility that will fund critical public infrastructure, household solar photovoltaic systems, mini-grids, and energy efficiency measures.

The project is MCC’s largest off-grid electrification effort to date, and it will support policy reforms and infrastructure financing. With this investment, project financing for renewable energy solutions for the poor will address the gap in access to electricity for two-thirds of Benin’s population.

Policy Reform and Institutional Strengthening Project

  • $44,973,025Project Total Amount
  • $2,360,148Project Amount Committed
  • $1,168,522Project Amount Expended

To achieve the project objectives, MCC funding will be used to support  interventions to:

  • Improve governance in the electricity sector by improving regulation, establishing a tariff policy, planning periodic tariff adjustments, increasing energy efficiency, and strengthening the policy and institutional framework for independent power producers.
  • Improve management, operations and maintenance within the national utility; and
  • Inform and educate the public on tariffs, energy efficiency, renewable electricity and other key electricity sector issues.

As of September 5, 2017