- Grant Total: $25,000,000
- Signed: October 17, 2006
- Completed: August 29, 2009
Jordan signed a $25 million Millennium Challenge Threshold grant on October 17, 2006. The program aims to strengthen democratic institutions by supporting Jordan’s efforts to broaden public participation in the political and electoral process, increasing government transparency and accountability, and enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of customs administration. MCC assistance in Jordan will be used to advance reforms in three of the 16 indicators—“Political Rights,â€ “Voice and Accountability,â€ and “Trade Policyâ€— MCC measures to select countries eligible for funding.
The Threshold Program will help the Government of Jordan accelerate implementation of its homegrown reform initiatives focused on critical improvements in public administration, civil liberties, infrastructure and the economy. Many of these goals will require the passage of legislation by the Jordanian Parliament addressing political parties, elections, and nongovernmental organizations.
In order to encourage more trade, the Government of Jordan will use MCC funds to improve the customs system including technical upgrades, more streamlined procedures and processes, and staff training. This component aims to improve the efficiency of the Customs Department, implement a “single-window” facility to streamline processes and interactions at the border, and upgrade the Automated System for Customs Data (ASYCUDA), the customs management system.
MCC assistance will be used to modernize customs administration by:
- Determining the source of bottlenecks in the customs clearance process.
- Updating procedures for all agencies deployed at the border.
- Reconvening the interagency Border Management Task Force to design the structure of a single-window facility, where the Customs Department will operate on behalf of all agencies (except security) deployed to the border.
- Developing processes, plans, and procedures, including interagency coordination mechanisms and information technology requirements, for the single-window system.
- Drafting policies and procedures manuals that clearly outline risk-based clearance procedures, enforcement procedures, and procedures for the single-window system.
- Providing training on international best practices and customs integrity using a train-the-trainers methodology; fully implement the revised Arusha Declaration for Customs Integrity of the World Customs Organization, which aims to improve integrity and identify, prevent, and effectively deal with corruption-related issues within customs administrations.
- Procuring hardware, software, and equipment for the upgrade of the ASYCUDA customs management system.
- Implementing the ASYCUDA upgrade.
- Implementing a campaign to inform the public about upgrades to customs processes and procedures.
Strengthening municipal governance aims to improve citizens’ political rights and voice and accountability by empowering local municipal councils and improving citizen participation in elections and local governance. In 9 of the 99 Jordan municipalities, the Jordan Threshold Program will provide technical assistance and training to increase participation in local elections, provide resources to fund priority projects, and institute programs to improve relations and collaboration among municipalities, citizens, and the private sector.
MCC assistance will be used to fund the following activities to strengthen municipal governance by increasing:
- Public participation in national and local elections through media campaigns, public fora, and training.
- Participation of women in electoral politics through public fora, training, and media outreach.
- Citizen awareness of local government activities and operations through training, media interventions, and organization of public fora.
- The capacity of citizens to advocate for their interests and hold local government accountable by supporting civic organizations, training, and creating government/citizen committees.
- Partnerships between local government and the private sector by establishing joint committees and fostering development of cooperative services.
- Responsiveness of local governments to citizen concerns through a Special Incentive Fund, training, and creating special citizen outreach units in local governments and municipal development planning committees.
- The local capacity of governments by providing training and management, personnel and fiscal systems.
- The capacity of municipalities to advocate for democratic decentralization and defend municipal interests through policy dialogues, workshops, and support for establishing a national association of municipalities.