In 2007, MCC’s Board of Directors selected the Kyrgyz Republic for a threshold program. When originally selected as eligible for a threshold program, the Kyrgyz Republic did not meet MCC criteria for compact eligibility in the Ruling Justly category. The country did not pass MCC selection indicators measuring Control of Corruption, Governance Effectiveness, Rule of Law, and Voice and Accountability.
As a result of its threshold program, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic developed the capacity to fight corruption and improve the rule of law through judicial, criminal justice, and law enforcement reforms.
The threshold program achieved a number of important milestones in advancing judicial and criminal justice reforms in the country. A judicial reform activity saw the drafting of new laws concerning judicial selection and dismissal, and trained the judiciary to prepare and transparently submit its budget to Parliament. A Court Information Management System was also installed in 28 courts to track cases, facilitating greater access to court decisions by judges and transparency in case assignments.
A law enforcement improvement activity supported the development of a new police officer applicant process, including an independently monitored pre-screening exam for new recruits. The activity also supported new procedures for vetting current officers and adopting merit-based promotion policies.
A criminal justice reform activity created a new comprehensive core curriculum for the Prosecutor Training Center with modules covering internships, prosecutorial training, illegal drugs, human trafficking, tax evasion and money laundering in jury trials. The curriculum was delivered to at least 505 prosecutors and a Training of Trainers program. Revisions to the Criminal Procedure Code were also drafted for compliance with the United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Kyrgyz Republic Threshold Program Implementation
The threshold program agreement was signed in 2008 by the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), which was responsible for implementing the program on MCC’s behalf. The program concluded in June of 2010. As the program administrator, USAID and the Ministry of Internal Affairs had primary responsibility for achieving targets and worked through a number of implementing partners throughout the threshold program.
March 14, 2008
June 30, 2010
Establish a more objective, neutral and fair justice sector.
Strengthening the Prosecutor Training Center (PTC) and developing self-sustaining curriculum for that program.
Introducing Criminal Procedure Code Reforms through high-level working group discussions and drafting of amendments that changed key problematic issues including pre-trail detention length and judicial oversight.
Developing a Civil Service Asset Declaration Review process of looking at declarations and imposing sanctions, increasing government accountability and transparency.
Carrying out an anti-corruption outreach program through a media and education program targeting youth.
Reduce corruption in law enforcement.
Professionalizing of the police force, through modifications to the hiring processes, central collection and storage of records and employment forms, introduction of a standardized hiring and performance-based promotion policy, and adoption of a professional Code of Ethics.
Establishing civilian oversight of police misconduct, by creating and training of a national Civilian Review Board.
Reduce corruption in the judiciary, enhance the independence and effectiveness of the judicial system.
Professionalizing judges through strengthening of the judicial training center by providing technical assistance to the National Council on Justice Affairs.
Promoting judicial independence by establishing a new Judicial Council and assisting with its new responsibilities of budget planning and formulation, disciplining judges, and assisting to improve judicial training.
Strengthening commercial law by analyzing and improving the Civil Procedures Code, and other laws, providing technical assistance and training to the Court Department to enhance institutional capacity to enforce judgments and streamline the process of access to courts, as well as advancing legislative reforms in the area of commercial law.
Automating court information by installing new technology in courts, providing for random case assignments, sending of statistical reports and improved access to judicial records.
Improving public outreach by adopting a communications strategy that makes sure information concerning the activity of judicial bodies is open and accessible to the public, explaining the reforms at meetings attended by civil society and media, and issuance of regular bulletins.