Moldova Threshold Program
MCC selected Moldova to participate in the Threshold Program in FY 2006. When Moldova was selected as threshold eligible, it did not pass the Control of Corruption indicator to meet the criteria in the Ruling Justly category. To assist the Government of Moldova with its threshold program proposal, MCC provided an indicator analysis that highlighted key policy constraints. This analysis included constraints raised by the eligibility indicator institutions and tracked in the current indicator scorecard.
The Moldova threshold program targeted the policy areas measured by one of MCC eligibility indicators, Control of Corruption. Moldova’s threshold program had five components that focused on reducing public corruption by strengthening the government’s ability to prevent and deter corruption in its institutions.
Moldova Threshold Program Implementation
The Government of Moldova and USAID, which was responsible for implementing the program on MCC’s behalf, signed the threshold program agreement in December 2006, and the program officially concluded in February 2010. As the program administrator, USAID managed program operations and oversaw the program implementing partners: the US Department of Justice’s International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP) and US Department of Justice’s Overseas Prosecutorial Development Assistance and Training (OPDAT) division, Millennium/IP3, and the Academy for Educational Development (AED).
Moldova’s threshold program produced the majority of its intended outputs. Significant accomplishments were achieved in the judiciary and health sectors, especially given the short project duration. The implementation team for the judiciary sector reform project developed and installed an Integrated Case Management System (ICMS) software application to automate records for all proceedings throughout the Moldovan court system, increasing efficiency in court administration and operations. A Judicial Ethics Code and a Practical Guide on Enforcement Procedures were developed, creating more consistent application of enforcement legislation and legal provisions. In health sector reform, more than 91 National Clinical Protocols were developed to reflect international standards for diagnosis and treatment of patients. Quality councils were also established within healthcare facilities to ensure continued high-quality services and care by encouraging continuous monitoring and evaluation.
The project team for the tax administration reform project created new computer software (Collection Enforcement Tracking System) to improve the management of tax auditing and tax collection, reducing opportunities for corruption. The anti-corruption project included training, equipment upgrades, and integration with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA)’s New Computerized Transit System (NCTS), which reduced the opportunities for customs fraud in Western Europe. Under the civil society and media project, the Public Private Working Group (PPWG) fostered joint efforts and intensified dialogue between journalists and public officials to improve the media environment, contributing to the adoption of the Law on Transparency in Public Decision-Making.
December 16, 2006
February 28, 2010
Health Care Reform
- Developed internationally acceptable standards for protocols for diagnosis, treatment, and for purchasing drugs and medical equipment; developed a code of conduct for medical personnel;
- Established criteria for budget priorities and releasing budget information publicly to increase transparency of health care financing; developed audit training and procedures for health sector managers; and
- Established citizen oversight boards and a national center of health sector ombudsmen.
- Developed and implemented a secure automated case management system;
- Developed enforceable codes of conduct, including conflict of interest provisions and disciplinary measures for judges, attorneys, and court personnel; and
- Made all court records, including pleadings, evidence, motions, records of proceedings, and opinions, available to the public.
Strengthen the Anti-Corruption Agency
- Created a single department for investigations at CCECC to improve information sharing
- Created an independent civilian board to monitor the activity of the CCECC and to advise its director
- Built capability of the witness protection unit in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and improved whistleblower protection statutes
- Introduced a system for reporting acts of corruption among civil servants
- Made CCECC budget information available to the public, and
- Strengthened CCECC’s public education program by developing an anti-corruption information strategy and public relations campaign with civil society and the mass media.
Strengthen the Monitoring Capacity of Civil Society and the Media
- Provided grants, training, and technical assistance to non-governmental organizations to monitor government anti-corruption reform efforts; and
- Created a public-private working group to issue recommendations on increasing the role of mass media in monitoring anti-corruption reforms.
Tax, Customs, and Police Reform
- Created a national information center to provide tax forms and advice to taxpayers;
- Created a fraud prevention division within the fiscal service to improve training on professional and ethics standards and cooperation on investigations and prosecutions with anti-corruption law enforcement institutions;
- Improved recruitment, evaluation, and ethics code implementation systems in the Customs Service, and improved the capability of the Internal Security Section conduct internal corruption investigations;
- Introduced a New Computerized Transit System, and created an independent team to monitor and report on corruption at border crossings; and
- Launched an integrated informational system at Interior Ministry guard units located in Chisinau and across the country to collect and transmit information about acts of corruption in police bodies.