Philippines Compact

  • Grant Total: $433,910,000
  • Grant Committed: $403,587,511
  • Grant Expended: $351,206,249
  • Signed: September 23, 2010
  • Entry Into Force: May 25, 2011
  • Completed: May 25, 2016

In 2010, the Millennium Challenge Corporation’s Board of Directors approved a five-year, $434 million compact with the Government of the Republic of the Philippines aimed at reducing poverty through economic growth. 

The compact, which closed on May 25, 2016, supported reforms and investments to modernize the Bureau of Internal Revenue, expanded and improved a community-driven development project, Kalahi-CIDSS, and rehabilitated a secondary national road in Samar province.

In Developing Countries, Taxes Are an Opportunity for Growth

by Dana J. Hyde, MCC CEO
This blog post appears on


The Kalahi-CIDSS project will improve lives, empower communities, and encourage economic growth in rural areas through small-scale, community-driven development projects.

The project will provide the infrastructure and services for projects selected and managed by those communities, strengthen participation in governance activities at the village and city level, and improve the responsiveness of local government to community needs. The project will build on and support planning, implementation, and evaluation methods developed by the Philippines Department of Social Welfare and Development and the World Bank.

The project will empower communities to participate fully in development activities, address the needs they have identified and manage assets in a sustainable way. The project will strengthen the link between community priorities and local governments’ development programs, and use investments in a transparent manner to increase accountability and reduce poverty. The grants for the sub-projects will be provided directly to local communities, who will be responsible for procuring goods and services and operating and maintaining purchased assets.

The Department of Social Welfare and Development will implement this project, overseen by a National Steering Committee that will include representatives from government departments and NGOs and collaborate with local governments. 

Revenue Administration Reform Project

The Revenue Administration Reform Project encourages good governance and economic growth by raising tax revenues, reducing tax evasion, and addressing revenue agent-related corruption. 

A lack of growth-enhancing investments in public infrastructure and social services is a key barrier to economic growth in the Philippines. This project will increase the efficiency and sustainability of tax revenue collection through a redesign and computerization of business processes. The project will narrow the gap between potential and actual collections by reducing the discretion of individual tax and customs collection officers, and help improve the predictability and impartiality with which revenue laws and regulations are enforced. Some of these activities are extensions of the Philippines’ threshold program activities that concluded in May 2009.

Secondary National Roads Development Project

The Secondary National Roads Development Project is designed to reduce transportation costs through the rehabilitation of an existing 222 kilometer road segment, increasing incomes and spurring economic growth. 

The project will reduce vehicle operating costs and time for both passengers and goods, reduce road maintenance costs, and increase commerce in and between the provinces of Samar and Eastern Samar.

The project will incorporate enhanced safety measures in the final road designs, including:

  • paved shoulders, sidewalk and curb construction in areas of high pedestrian activity, 
  • improved gateway treatments to indicate required lower speeds, and 
  • increased use of road narrowing, median islands, and traffic humps to slow traffic speeds.