Star Report: Cabo Verde Compact II | May 2019

Beyond the Compact

In partnership with the GoCV, MCC’s investments encouraged a number of additional activities not originally planned in the compact. The WASH project was able to support the creation of Maio’s utility through the IGF. The compact did not originally target the island of Maio for support, but Maio responded to the incentives of the IGF by restructuring its utility into a PPP with the first tranche of funding and utilizing the second tranche of funding for infrastructure investments to move the island to 24/7 water service. MCC and the GoCV were further able to leverage resources for preliminary studies for Santo Antão and São Nicolau through a request to the World Bank’s Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility.

As discussed above, by the end of the compact, the WASH project was also able to transform the IGF into a revolving fund, a mechanism intended to leverage public, private and donor funding to finance water and sanitation infrastructure. At the project’s conception, MCC entertained the possibility of turning the IGF into a revolving fund. However, the path to a revolving fund was deemed too uncertain to promise at the compact development stage and a grant mechanism was used instead. The early success of the IGF led the GoCV to establish a revolving fund based on the IGF model.Unfortunately, the transformation did not materialize, and money pledged for the fund by LuxDev and the GoCV has been reallocated to other priorities in the sector.

  • 1. More information about MCC’s evaluation model can be found on MCC’s website:
  • 2. Clarification of parcel rights and boundaries entailed collecting data, analyzing existing land rights, and, with new, map-based information which was not available prior to the project, clarifying physical boundaries for each plot of land.
  • 3. Civil unions between men and women comprise the vast majority of unions in in Cabo Verde. These unions, which are unregistered, often meet the legal criteria that confer property rights under local family law. Rights to property in civil unions are usually registered in the name of the man alone. The project sought to: (a) identify the female partners with rights in these land plots; and (b) safeguard those rights by including information about the union in the registration records. Information outreach and training was also conducted to increase awareness of these rights.
  • 4. More information about MCC’s evaluation model can be found on MCC’s website:
  • 5. In addition to being measured against a more demanding, higher-income peer group, LMICs are evaluated on a scorecard which includes an indicator on girls’ secondary education enrollment rate (as opposed to girls’ primary enrollment rates for LICs) and an absolute threshold of 90 percent on the immunization rates indicator (as opposed to a median threshold for LICs).
  • 6. The estimated beneficiaries of the Infrastructure Grant Facility are a subset of the beneficiaries of the National Institutional Reform and Utility Reform Activities.
  • 7. Official Bulletin of the Council of Ministers, 2010. Plano de Acção Nacional para a Gestão Integrada dos Recursos Hídricos (PAGIRE). Resolution No. 66/2010; Compact Development Team, 2011. Unpublished analyses of Municipal Surveys on Gender (Santa Catarina, Praia, Paul).
  • 8. Further verification of increased availability and reliability of piped water service will be part of the independent evaluation.
  • 9. These are not mutually exclusive as there were households that received both a water and a sanitation connection.
  • 10. The full evaluation report can be found at
  • 11. As AdS worked to integrate all nine municipalities on Santiago, it has experienced challenges related to its customer database, billing and collections, factors impacting the completion and availability of necessary data for this indicator. However, improvements are expected on this indicator as AdS resolves these challenges and better data become available. For more detail, see the Explanation of Results below.
  • 12. Unused funds from elsewhere in the compact budget were reallocated to the Land Project during the compact period.
  • 13. Originally, the IGF was designed with three tranches of funds. When the Government met the conditions to release tranches two and three at the same time, it eliminated the need for three calls for funding.
  • 14. Water quality refers to the chemical, physical and biological characteristics of water, a measure of the condition of water relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and/or to any human need or purpose. The most common standards used to assess water quality relate to health of ecosystems, safety of human contact and drinking water.