Closed Compact Report: Mozambique Compact | March 2015

Land Tenure Services Project

  • $39,068,307Original Compact Project Amount
  • $39,466,421Total Disbursed

Estimated Benefits

Estimated Benefits for the Land Tenure Services Project
Time Estimated Economic Rate of Return (ERR) over 20 years Estimated beneficiaries over 20 years Estimated net benefits over 20 years
At compact closure 24.5 percent 1,333,445 $38,840,000

Estimated benefits corresponds to $39.5 million of project funds, where cost-benefit analysis was conducted.

Project Description

Land is an important asset for income generation and wealth creation.  In Mozambique, land has been at the center of a long-standing debate about the different choices and visions for growth in rural and urban areas.  The Land Tenure Services Project was designed to address the issue of land insecurity and access, by improving policies and regulations and by helping specific beneficiaries better understand how to register their land rights. The project comprised three mutually reinforcing activity areas:

  • supporting an improved policy environment, including addressing implementation problems for the existing land law, and engaging in regulatory review to improve upon it;
  • improving capacity of public land administration agencies responsible for implementing policies and providing quality public land-related services; and,
  • facilitating access to land by helping people and business with:
    • clear information on land rights and access;
    • more predictable and speedy resolution of land and commercial disputes to create better conditions for investment and business development; and
    • registering individuals’ and businesses’ land rights in the form of land use certificates (DUATS) for long-term or 6 perpetual rights in land.

The project accomplished the following:

  • nearly 10,000 rural DUATs were delivered, following the mapping of over 8 million rural hectares. The Government of Mozambique has committed to formalize 5 million household DUAT rights with the World Bank funding 2 million DUATs starting in 2020;
  • nearly 150,000 urban DUATs were processed and distributed, including completion of a full cadaster in Monapo; and
  • a national land information management system was established in four northern provinces and eight targeted municipalities which the Government, with support from the Netherlands, expanded to all provinces in Mozambique after the end of the compact.

Evaluation Findings

MCC commissioned impact evaluations of both the urban and rural components of the site-specific access to land activity, as well as an impact evaluation of the land administration capacity building activity.  The impact evaluations will assess the effect of provision of a land use certificate (DUAT) on land tenure security, investments, land value and productivity.  The evaluation of land administration strengthening will assess the effect of training of local land offices and incorporation of a land information management system on the time it takes to process a DUAT and the volume of DUATs. Data collected includes panel household surveys and land administrative data collection, as well as additional wives surveys, community leader surveys, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and geospatial data analysis. End line data collection began in October 2019 and is expected to be completed in September 2020 with findings published in 2021. In addition, a performance evaluation was completed in coordination with DFID of the community access to land e-component of the site-specific access to land activity, which assessed the effect of provision of community DUATs via the Community Land Fund on allocation of resources, perceptions of tenure and commercial investments.  The community evaluation is available here.

Key performance indicators and outputs at compact end date

Key performance indicators and outputs at compact end date
Activity/Outcome Key Performance Indicator Baseline End of Compact Target Quarter 1 through Quarter 20 Actuals (as of Dec 2013) Percent Compact Target Satisfied (as of Dec 2013)
Land Administration Capacity Building Land administration offices established or upgraded 0 26 26 100%
People trained (paralegal courses at CFJJ, general training at DNTF, etc.)

  • CFJJ: Legal and Judicial Training Center (Portuguese acronym); DNTF: National Department of Land and Forestry (Portuguese acronym).
0 750 1,516 202%
Site Specific Secure Land Access ITC Communities land areas mapped 0 222 259 117%
ITC Rural hectares formalized 0 3,030,000 2,258,867 75%
LTR DUATs delivered to the rural beneficiaries 0 6,237 9,456 152%
LTR DUATs delivered to the urban beneficiaries

  • DUAT: “legal recognition of right of access and use of land”; LTR Urban and LTR Rural DUATs only. Other forms of household legal recognition include “Comprovativos” (LTR activities) and “Certidões” (iTC Activities). The end-of-compact target is equal to the number of DUATs issued into the hands of urban and rural beneficiaries, including producer associations.
0 140,000 144,522 103%
LTR Rural hectares mapped 0 5,000,000 8,762,020 175%
LTR Urban parcels mapped 0 140,000 188,423 135%