MCC is devoting unprecedented resources to help partner countries in Africa positively transform the lives of the poor and catalyze long-lasting economic progress. The continent of Africa is the largest recipient of MCC development assistance.
- Of MCC’s 32 signed compacts, 19 are with African countries, spanning the continent and totaling $7.5 billion—67 percent of MCC’s total compact portfolio
- Of MCC’s 26 smaller-scale, signed Threshold Program grants, 11 are with African countries, totaling over $205 million. These programs help partner countries become compact eligible by supporting their efforts to implement key policy and institutional reforms.
- In Africa alone, over 656,000 people now have improved access to clean water, nearly 192,000 farmers have been trained, and more than 291,000 households and commercial entities now have legal protections for their land.
Countries in Africa with MCC Programs
MCC helped increase access to markets, land, justice, and financial services, including a major modernization of the Port of Cotonou that reduced port costs, shortened wait times and boosted traffic at the regional commercial hub.
The MCC of Directors approved a $375-million, power-sector-focused compact with Benin. The compact includes MCC's largest power generation project, its largest investment in solar power and its largest off-grid electrification project.
MCC is strengthening the agriculture sector through improved infrastructure and water-management techniques, helping reform rural land ownership issues, linking markets through improved roads, and ensuring more girls complete primary school.
The program was designed to assist Burkina Faso to improve performance on girls’ primary education completion indicator by focusing on improving both quality of and access to education for girls in the 10 lowest-performing provinces in the country.
MCC helped integrate internal markets and reduce transportation costs by upgrading Cape Verde's infrastructure, including modernization of the Port of Praia. MCC also helped link businesses to credit markets and promoted drip irrigation.
This five-year compact with Cape Verde is intended to increase household incomes by reforming two sectors identified as current constraints to economic growth: the water and sanitation sector and the land management sector.
The Ghana Compact is designed to raise farmer incomes through private sector-led agribusiness development. Projects aim to strengthen production, help move goods to market more efficiently and improve farm communities and farmers' livelihoods.
MCC's $498.2 million compact with Ghana will fight poverty by transforming the country's energy sector. The five-year compact, the largest U.S. Government transaction under Power Africa, is expected catalyze billions of dollars in private energy investment.
The program focused on reducing public-sector corruption by overhauling the public procurement system, with a specific concentration on health care procurements throughout the supply chain.
MCC's investments will increase the availability of water for household and industrial use, test watershed management and conservation methods, rehabilitate health infrastructure and strengthen health systems, and remove barriers to investment.
The $257 million Liberia Compact seeks to address two binding constraints to economic growth in Liberia: lack of access to reliable and affordable electricity and inadequate road infrastructure.
The program focuses on improving land rights and access, increasing girls’ primary education enrollment and retention and improving Liberia’s trade policy and practices.
The compact sought to assist the rural population’s transition from subsistence agriculture to a market economy by helping beneficiaries secure formal property rights, access credit and receive training in agricultural production, management and marketing.
The compact aims to revitalize Malawi’s power sector by upgrading electricity infrastructure and improving the performance of key institutions, which will reduce energy costs to enterprises and households and enhance productivity and employment opportunities.
The program sought to reduce opportunities for corruption and strengthen the government’s ability to manage and monitor its finances. It supported independent oversight institutions and systems of enforcement and deterrence.
The Mali Compact serves as a catalyst for sustainable economic growth through investments that capitalize on two of Malis major assets: the Bamako Senou Airport, a regional gateway for trade, and the Niger River, with its potential for agricultural production.
The compact will increase productivity and improve employment in high-growth sectors like fruit tree productivity, fisheries and artisan crafts. Financial services investments and enterprise support will complement small business creation and economic growth.
The Government of Morocco, in partnership with the Millennium Challenge Corporation, is developing a second compact in Morocco toward the shared objective of poverty reduction through economic growth.
MCC seeks to increase productive capacity, income generation and poverty reduction in northern provinces by improving water and sanitation, roads, land administration, and agriculture. It also addresses key policy reforms and capacity building initiatives.
The Namibian Compact aims to increase the competence of the Namibian workforce through knowledge and skills, as well as to increase the productivity of agricultural and nonagricultural enterprises in rural areas.
MCC is working with the Government of Niger on a compact program to address access to water for agriculture and livestock, trade barriers, and government regulation of business.
Niger’s threshold program is designed to assist Niger improve its performance on the policy areas measured by the Control of Corruption, Land Rights, Business Start-Up and Girls’ Primary School Education indicators used on MCC’s scorecard.
The program supported the Rwandan government’s efforts to strengthen civic participation, promote civil liberties and rights and improve the judicial system. The program was designed to complement and reinforce Rwanda’s own reform efforts.
The program helped the Government of São Tomé and Príncipe increase revenue through improved tax and customs administration and enforcement. The program also helped streamline business registration procedures.
MCC aims to unlock the country’s agricultural productivity and expanding access to markets and services through critical infrastructure improvements in the Senegal River Valley and the Casamance region.
MCC and the Government of Sierra Leone are partnering to implement a $44.4 million threshold program to improve access to clean water and reliable electricity, and to support reforms designed to limit opportunities for corruption.
The Tanzania Compact—MCC's largest to date—is stimulating economic growth, increasing household incomes and raising the quality of life in program areas through targeted infrastructure investments in transportation, energy and water.
MCC's Board of Directors selected Tanzania as eligible to develop a second compact in December 2012. Compact design is ongoing, but it is expected the compact will focus on Tanzania's energy sector.
The program helped the Tanzanian government reduce public corruption through a multi-pronged approach that increased civil society engagement, strengthened the rule of law and supported institutional reforms.
The program focused on decreasing public-sector corruption, particularly in procurement. The program built capacity to allow for more effective follow-up of reported malpractice and to strengthen the role of civil society in monitoring corruption.
The Zambia compact invests in water supply, sanitation and drainage infrastructure with the goal of decreasing the incidence and prevalence of water-related disease, cost of water and new sanitation, and business and residential flood losses.
The program sought to improve performance on the control of corruption, government effectiveness and business startup indicators by combating administrative corruption and reducing administrative barriers to increased trade and investment.